The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan lies geographically at the center of the Arab world, serving — throughout history — as a vital link between Eastern and Western civilizations. It is an Arab Muslim state enrooted in moderation, democracy, and institutions.
In 1921, Prince Abdullah bin Al Hussein, may his soul rest in peace, proclaimed Transjordan an Emirate, which later gained independence on 25 May 1946 as the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, and the Emir became King Abdullah I, the founder of modern Jordan.
Jordan was among the founding member states of the Arab League in 1945. It also joined the United Nations in 1955.
The system of government in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is a hereditary parliamentary monarchy. His Majesty King Abdullah II ascended the throne on 7 February 1999, ushering in the fourth epoch of the Kingdom; whose Constitution was drafted by His Majesty the late King Talal and whose foundations were built by His Majesty the late King Hussein, may their souls rest in peace.
The political and ideological foundations of the Jordanian state are based on Islam, the Constitution as well as the religious and historical legitimacy of the Hashemite leadership. Importantly, Jordan was founded on the principles of the Great Arab Revolt (1916) led by Sharif Hussein bin Ali, may his soul rest in peace, and by his sons, in a culmination of the Arab awakening and renaissance, which started manifesting in the Arab Mashreq in the second half of the 19th century against the policies of tyranny, ‘Turkanisation’ and intransigence practiced by the Ottomans.